War Preparations of the Ottoman Empire
War Preparations Begin
Following the bombing of Russian ports by Goeben and Breslau’s vessels participating in the Ottoman Navy, British ships began bombarding Ottoman tablets, which were stationed in the Dardanelles Strait to retaliate on 3 November 1914.
After this, the Ottoman Empire began to comprehend the fact that the straits were under threat and to form defensive lines immediately. This forward-looking policy would be one of the most important reasons for the failure of Canakkale to reach allies.
One day after the bombardment, the 3rd Corps headquarters was transferred to Çanakkale. On the other hand, the number of artillery units on the ground has been increased. Mine lines in the sea have also been strengthened. The Ottoman Army, deprived of maritime power, was forced to lay down nets that would prevent the passage of the Bosphorus submarines, as Masudiye, the only armoured armour, was sunk with allies on November 17th.
The balls placed on the Canakkale tabs were very worn and were produced with old technology. It was almost impossible to compare the enemy forces with a weapon and fire power in this respect. There was a total of 35 heavy artillery batteries connected to the 2nd Heavy Artillery Brigade in charge of defending the Dardanelles. Since there were no officers to train and manage these 35 batteries, the number of batteries was reduced to 22 by the order of Port Von Sanders, and the increasing officers were assigned to other batteries.
In defending the Bosphorus, it was of great importance to increase the effectiveness of the firepower. For this reason, the collective, ammunition and equipment were quickly prepared for combat, and the Ottoman soldiers were made to benefit from German personnel in order to train them for artillery under the management of German officers.
The Origin of the Germans
On August 30, 1914, General Merten came to Çanakkale with a German ship, officer, torpedo, telephone and gun serjeant, with a total of 160 German personnel. The Orhaniye, Ertugrul, Dardanos, Anatolian and Rumeli Hamidiye Tabs and the German staff distributed to Namazgâh Tabi began training of Ottoman soldiers on a plan prepared by General Mercer.
The training and preparations of the Ottoman units in Çanakkale Operation Area were completed from 31 July 1914 until 19 February 1915. Lieutenant-Colonel Vosidlo was assigned to the training of artillery officers and non-commissioned officers in the Commander’s Office at Çanakkale and was assigned to the Anatolian Hamidiye Battalion Commandership.
In addition to the negativity caused by the old collectables on the Ottoman tablets, it was also an impasse that they could only target those in the shooting range from the ships entering the Bosphorus. Enemy ships with long-range gatherings would be able to attack artillery battlefields with far-reaching fires without risking themselves.
Insufficient resources of the Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire was not in a position to make heavy sums in those years. The bullets that were expected to arrive from Germany could not come because of the way of transportation.
The only thing we got here was that the allied navy had to throw an anchor to the same target by anchoring several gateways in order to neutralise our heavy artillery batteries. In this case, the ships were either too slow or had to remain constant.
At this stage, the giant obsessions hidden in the back of the Dardanelles were able to enter the ship and make vertical shots to the ships in motion. These cannon balls falling into the relatively unarmed deck area of the ships would cause many ships to sink. British and French armoured personnel capable of the horizontal shooting were unable to shoot at these high altitudes. When they took action to get away from this danger they were reducing their shot and hit ability.
In addition to the mine lines that existed in the Dardanelles Strait as a final stage of the war preparations, three more mines have been laid. There were 983 mines in the throat, along with the mine that the Nusret Mine ship returned. Here we had to open a separate paragraph to Nusrat, who wrote a legend in the Gallipoli War …